The Virginia Implement Exhibit is a collection of 19th and early 20th century plows and other farming apparatus that were patented by Virginians like George Watt, Patrick Henry Starke, Cealy Billups, Seth March and Silas White.

The Exhibit's home is at the Caroline County Agricultural Fairgrounds in Carmel Church, Virginia, but from time to time it will appear at such events as the State Fair of Virginia in Doswell and Field Day of the Past in Goochland.

If you would like to arrange a private viewing of the Exhibit please contact me!

Below are pictures of some of the Exhibit's crown jewels.

Watt Plow
Geo. Watt & Co.
Watt-Call
Watt and Knight
Watt Plow Co.
Richmond, Virginia

Applicable patents by George Watt:
2548: 11 Apr 1842     16218: 9 Dec 1856
19321: 9 Feb 1858     56298: 10 Jul 1866
71560: 26 Nov 1867     92409: 6 Jul 1869

Side Mounted, Wooden Beam Plow

Crown Plow
Watt-Call
Richmond, Virginia


Applicable patent by Manfred Call:
24 Mar 1885

Side Mounted, Wooden Beam Plow

Boy Dixie Plow
P.H. Starke     Starke's Dixie Plow Works
Richmond, Virginia

Applicable patents by P.H. Starke:
85342: 29 Dec 1868     117574: 1 Aug 1871
141960: 19 Aug 1873

Side Mounted, Wooden Beam Plow

Lynchburg Hillside
Model 50 Plow

Lynchburg Foundry/Lynchburg Plow Works
Lynchburg, Virginia

Applicable patents by:
372481: Henry E. McWane & M.H. Dudley, 1 Nov 1887
667558: James R. McWane, 5 Feb 1901

Center Mounted, Iron Beam Plow

Crescent Plow
Watt-Call
Richmond, Virginia

Applicable patent: Unknown

Center Mounted, Wooden Beam Plow


Girl Champion Plow
C. Billups & Co.     Billups & Sons
Norfolk, Virginia

Applicable patents by Cealy Billups:
185383: 19 Dec 1876     362598: 10 May 1887

Center Mounted,
Wooden Beam Plow

White's Clipper Plow
S.R. White & Bro.     S.R.White's Sons Inc.
Norfolk, Virginia

Applicable patents by Lewis B. White:
140749: 8 Jul 1873     164951: 29 Jun 1875
313394: 3 Mar 1885     339508: 6 Apr 1886

Center Mounted,
Wooden Beam Plow



Climax Cotton Plow
C. Billups & Co.
Norfolk, Virginia

Applicable patents by Cealy Billups:
123858: 20 Feb 1872

Center Mounted,
Wooden Beam Plow

Atlas Plow
Seth March & Co.     S.R.White & Bro.
S.R. White & Sons
Norfolk, Virginia

Applicable patent by L.B. White & S.R. White:
9 Apr 1873

Center Mounted,
Wooden Beam Plow

Lynchburg No. 2 Plow
Lynchburg Foundry/Lynchburg Plow Works
Lynchburg, Virginia

Applicable patents by Calvert R. McGahey:
899755: 29 Sep 1908

Center Mounted, Right Hand,
Iron Beam Plow

Caldwell Empire Plow
J.T. Caldwell Plow
"Ayletts," Virginia

Applicable patents: Unknown
Ca. 1850's, pre-Civil War
Foundry and village of Aylett(s) burned ca. 1863

Side Mounted,
Wooden Beam Plow

Uses George Watt's Cuff Plow Mount

One Row Seeder
(Farmer's Friend?)
C. Billups & Co.     Billups & Sons
Norfolk, Virginia

Applicable patents: Unknown